|simple past||present perfect|
|Zustand, abgeschlossene Handlung ohne Gegenwartsbezug,||Handlung mit
|I went to school.
He bought a house.
We were on holidays.
|I have gone to school, now
I know a lot.
He has bought a house, now he lives in it.
We have been on holidays, now we are relaxed.
|Gewohnheitshandlungen in der Vergangenheit|
|Every summer we went to York
(now we go to Ireland).
Every morning he drank coffee (now he drinks tea)
Every evening she read a book (now she's too tired to do so).
|Grundsätzliche Eigenschaften der Vergangenheit, Grundhandlungen, allgemeingültige Aussagen.|
|He was tall.
The night was dark and cold.
School was boring.
There were no mobile phones.
She was blond.
|last year, summer, month, week
in 1930, 1999, 2001
when he was young
the day before yesterday
|this summer, year, month, morning
recently, lately, just